While native plants are ideal for pollinators, other options exist that are still beneficial. The table below includes some selections that can be valuable to pollinators.
Some non-native annuals can provide adequate pollen and nectar. Because these floral rewards may not be as similar to the nutrition provided by a native plant, we recommend that no more than 50% of your pollinator garden contain non-native annuals.
Horticultural perennials that are derived from native plants are also options for your garden. These include plants that have been selectively bred from native stock to produce a greater variety of colours, floral shapes, and sizes.
There may be perennial plants available in greenhouses that are native to other grasslands or meadows, but not found in Manitoba. If they are similar to native plants (in the same genus, for example), they may be excellent additions to your gardens.
Garden herbs can be beneficial as well. Consider letting some of your herbs go to flower to help feed the bees!
In all cases, you must be cautious about the use of pesticides in these alternatives. Systemic pesticides (like neonics) can remain in plant tissues, contaminating leaves, pollen, and nectar. You can review our list of acceptable categories for pesticide use (Protecting Pollinators from Pesticides section) to help you have a discussion with your local grower.
|Calendula||Calendula||Yellow-Orange||30-90cm||Full to Part|
|Canna Lily||Canna||Red||Up to 2m||Full to Part|
|Cosmos||Cosmos||Variety||Up to 1m||Full|
|Egyptian Star Flower||Pentas||White to Red||30-90cm||Full|
|Globe Amaranth||Gomphrena||Red to Purple||30-60cm||Full to Part|
|Hybrid Sunflower||Helianthus||Yellow||Up to 2m||Full|
|Lobelia||Lobelia||Purple/Blue||Spiller, or 6cm||Full to Part|
|Marigolds||Tagetes||Yellow to Orange||15-30cm||Full|
|Nasturtiums||Tropaeolum||Yellow to Red||Spiller||Full|
|Spider Flowers||Cleome||Pink||30-100cm||Full to Part|
Perennials native to other prairie Regions or Varieties derived from native plants
|Beebalm||Monarda||Red, purple, pink||60-90cm||Full|
|Blanket Flower||Gaillardia||Yellow, red, orange||30-80cm||Full|
|Coneflower||Echinacea||Purple, pink, red||30-90cm||Full|
|Salvia, Russian Sage||Salvia||Purple||Up to 1m||Full|
Perennials that are annual in Manitoba
|Beeblossom||Oenothera (Gaura)||White to Pink||Up to 1m||Full|
|Bush Daisy||Euryops||Yellow||Shubby, up to 1m||Full|
|Million Bells||Calibrachoa||Various||Spiller||Full to part|